Frequently Asked Questions about the Great Barrington Declaration (2023)

Lockout and collateral damage

How do you define lockdowns?

Lockdowns include various measures such as closed schools and universities for personal education, hybrid schools, closed or partially closed restaurants and other businesses, restrictions on sports and cultural events, emergency travel restrictions, working from home, canceled medical and dental visits, curfews, quarantine regulations, etc.

Lockdowns have a history of successagainst infectious agentsdiseaseklein?

Fundamental epidemiological theory suggests that lockdowns do not reduce total cases in the long run and have never led to the eradication of a disease in history. At best, lockdowns slow the rise in cases for a finite period of time and at great cost.

Do governments still use lockdowns?

Governments around the world, including many states in the US, continue to curtail normal activities and some are introducing additional lockdown restrictions. Many schools remain closed for regular in-person education, while many businesses, concert halls and churches are closed or allowed to operate at partial capacity. Lockdown remains a primary tool used by many governments to deal with the pandemic.

What are the effects of lockdowns on physical health?

There are many lockdowns. Medical care visits have plummeted, with people avoiding necessary medical care. This includes , , , , just to name a few. Many of the consequences of these missed visits are not reflected in this year's mortality figures, but it is something we will have to live with for a long time.

What are theintellectualhealth effects of lockdowns?

Humans have many needs, including the need for community andFornormal interactions between them. The possibility of serious suicide last June. Extending the lockdown indefinitely will multiply this damage.

What are the disadvantages of closing the scare they personally taught?

All children have the right to a high quality education. Adults have a moral obligation to do so, and it is morally wrong to ask children to shoulder a disproportionate burden of the costs of the epidemic. However, the policy of lockdown, and especially the closing of schools, guarantees that children .

Online learning is not a good substitute for face-to-face teaching. For normal development, children have a strong need to interact with other children, make friends and play with each other. Schools are also the main point of contact with care systems and provide shelter for underprivileged children. In addition, the risk of death from infection with COVID-19 for children is very low – lower than the risk of death from the seasonal flu. Schools are not closed because of the flu, and they shouldn't be because of COVID-19.

How Do lockdowns especially hurt herworking class?

(Video) Dr. Ellerin answers questions about COVID-19

Lock specific. As essential workers, or just to survive, they have to work and be exposed to COVID even if they are at high risk, building up population immunity that will ultimately protect everyone. This while low-risk students and young professionals, lawyers, bankers, journalists and scientists are protected from working from home. Less wealthy people also lack a financial safety net,Anfood shortages . Working-class children also drop out of school, as their parents are less likely to be able to afford teachers, colleges, or private schools. Poorer people also have less access to quality health care when they fall ill, with lockdowns tending to differentially reduce access to health care for the poor. Lockdowns therefore cause extra mortality and increase social inequality.

How Do lockdowns hurt herdeveloping world?

Lockdowns worldwide are wreaking havoc on both mental and physical health. estimates another 130 million poor people of inadequate treatment of tuberculosis due to . Vaccination campaigns in poor countries facing diseases such as have been suspended due to the lockdown. The list can be extended endlessly, with both short and long term implications.

Risk of COVID-19

How dangerous is the SARS-CoV-2 virus and COVID-19 disease?

It is important to distinguish between the risk of infection and the risk of death. Anyone can get infected, but there are more than onea thousandfold differencein the mortal danger between the eldest and the younger. For the elderly, COVID-19 is more dangerous than the annual flu. For the children, theRisk of death from COVID-19is less than for theannual flu.

How can you say that the risk of death for children is low now that schools are closed?

To answer this question scientifically, we need to look at the one major Western country that did not close schools during the height of the pandemic. This is Sweden, which kept kindergartens and schools open for children aged 1 to 15. Among the 1.8 million children in this age group, there wereexactly zero deaths from COVID-19during this period, and only a few hospitalizations. During this time, children with symptoms were told to stay home or be sent home if they came to school, but masks or physical distancing were not practiced at school.

Why are so many people afraid of COVID-19?

Unfortunately, public health reports about COVID-19 around the world have led to many misconceptions that have spread fear. While the elderly underestimate the risk of mortality from COVID-19, the young vastly overestimate the risk of mortality. Better public health messaging that doesn't spread unfounded fears based on anecdotes would help correct this situation.

Protection of the elderly and other risk groups

How do you separate the younger and older generations to ensure that the latter are not infected by the former?

It is not possible to do 100%, but since the strategies have succeeded "successfully" so farshifting the risk of infection from the professional class to the working classit is also possible to shift the risk of infection from older adults at high risk to younger adults at low risk. The latter will result in fewer deaths overall.

Do current age exclusion strategies not protect the elderly well?

Not the opposite. There were many unnecessary deaths, especially among theurban working class. Current lockdown policies have failed to protect the vulnerable. Specific examples of these failures are:

  • Demanding that older "essential" workers and members of the working class who cannot afford not to work be placed in work situations where they may be exposed to the virus.
  • Security failedresidents of nursing homesagainst exposure to the virus of employees, visitors and other residents.
  • No provision for seniors living in multi-generational homes to be shielded if a family member is exposed to the virus.

How we protect the elderly in the nursing homeand other care arrangements?

(Video) BONUS - Debunking the “Herd Immunity” Strategy

A targeted protection strategy includes frequent testing of pre-immune nursing home staff, testing of visitors, and reduced staff turnover so that residents only interact with a limited number of staff. People with COVID-19 should not be sent to nursing homes and all new residents should be tested. Engagement of care home residents who have COVID-19 is also important.

How do we protect elderly people living at home?

During peak times, groceries and other necessities must be delivered to the home of the elderly. If you're seeing friends and family, it's best to do it outside. Tests should be available to family and friends who want to visit. Free N95 masks should be provided when potential exposure cannot be avoided.

How do we protect older adults who stay in work?

People in their 60s are somewhat at high risk, and many are still working. Anyone who can work from home should be able to do so. For example, teachers in their 60s could teach online classes or help their colleagues grade tests, essays, and homework. Those who cannot work from home should be funded to take 3 to 6 months off. In addition, disability laws should require employers to provide reasonable accommodations to protect high-risk COVID19 workers without losing their jobs.

How do we protect seniors in multi-generation homes?

The closure of universities and the resulting economic disruptionLockdowns have driven millions of young adultslive with older parents, increasing regular close intergenerational interactions. We know that the elderly who live with adults of working agehigher risk of COVID-19by elderly people living with other elderly people. Consistswithout further unnecessary riskif he also lives with children. This is the toughest challenge and family-specific solutions must be found. If working-age family members can work from home, they can self-isolate together. If this is not possible, the elderly relative may temporarily live with an elderly friend or sibling, with whom they can isolate together during the peak of transmission in the community. As a last resort, empty hotel rooms can be used for temporary accommodation.

What about the younger meDangerfactors;

People with comorbid risk factors should take the same precautions as older people without those risk factors.

For how longpersons at high riskbe careful and/ofself isolation?

When herd immunity is achieved, they can return to normal life with minimal risk. The time required depends on the strategy used. If lifelong containment measures are used to suppress the disease, it can take a year or two or three, making it very difficult for the elderly to protect themselves for that long. If targeted protection is used, it is likely to last only 3 to 6 months.

How can seniors know when to be extra careful?

It is important that public health authorities monitor the transmission of the disease at the local level and continuously communicate this to the public. High-risk individuals can make decisions and take precautions accordingly. Ideally, this is done using random population surveys. Hospitalization and mortality information should also be reviewed. Any monitoring system based on positive test results must take into account geographical and temporal differences in testing practices. This type of COVID-19 monitoring isperformed, for example, in New York.

This information should be communicated to the population in a nuanced manner that does not cause panic, but forms the basis for an accurate assessment of each individual's risk based on their age and comorbid conditions. The goal should be that vulnerable people do not underestimate their risk of being infected with COVID-19 and less vulnerable people do not overestimate their risk. Specific recommendations should accompany the information – perhaps including recommendations to avoid crowds, hand washing, social distancing and masks when their application to the situation is supported by sound science – that different people can take to reduce the risk of infection.

(Video) What Happened: Dr. Jay Bhattacharya on 19 Months of COVID

Herd immunity

What is Herd Immunity?

Herd immunity occurs when enough people are immune that most infected individuals cannot find new uninfected individuals to infect, leading to the end of the epidemic/pandemic. This means that the epidemic/pandemic will end before everyone is infected, although it will continue in an endemic form with low infection rates.

Do you believe in herd immunity?

Yes. Herd immunity is a scientifically proven phenomenon. Asking an epidemiologist if he believes in herd immunity is like asking a physicist if he believes in gravity. Those who deny herd immunity may also want to join flat earth society.

Met COVID-19,able toherd immunityto be evaded?

No. Sooner or later, herd immunity will be achieved through natural infection or through a combination of vaccinations and natural infection.

The Great Barrington Declaration supports a''oferdIimmunitykleinPressA''?

No. Those who make such claims in the media either (i) have not read the paper, (ii) do not understand the basics of infectious disease epidemiology, or (iii) are deliberately distorting the public health message for political purposes. For COVID-19, all strategies lead to herd immunity, making it silly to label any particular approach as a herd immunity strategy, just as it makes no sense for airline pilots to talk about a "gravity strategy" to keep an airplane safe to land. The Declaration advocates a strategy that minimizes mortality until herd immunity is achieved. This is done by minimizing the number of high-risk elderly individuals in the herd who become infected, while maximizing the number of uninfected individuals when herd immunity arrives.

Does the Great Barrington Declaration advocate "Let go of the virus"?

No, this is an incorrect characterization because it claims the opposite. The central principle of the statement isTargeted protection, where the elderly and other risk groups are better protected than before, to ensure they are not exposed to the virus. Nor does it encourage the deliberate exposure of anyone to the virus. Letting children and young adults live their lives without lockdown restrictions does not mean we let them die from the virus, any more than we blame politicians for letting people die in road accidents when a new road is built. In contrast, GBD significantly reduces collateral damage for less vulnerable people who are at greater risk of a lockdown than of a COVID-19 infection.

What percentage of the population must be immune to COVID-19 to have herd immunity?

That is impossible to know at the moment. No respectable epidemiologist will name a certain percentage that is necessary. It also varies by geography, with a higher percentage required in urban versus rural areas. It also depends on the strategy used. If people with more contacts are immune, such as traveling salesmen, taxi drivers, politicians or revelers, the rate is lower.

What are the current levels of immunity to COVID-19? Is it enough for herd immunity?

Current immunity levels vary by location. We know it's more common than the percentage of the population that has antibodies, but we don't know how much more. The time course of the epidemic in different regions of the world shows that population immunity plays an important role in controlling the spread.

(Video) Arguments, Great Barrington Declaration

In case people are intentionally infectedproduceherd immunity?


Antibodies weaken after infection with COVID-19. Does this mean that natural immunity is weakened? How strong will vaccine-induced immunity be?

That the antibody response decreases over time following COVID infections was already known from much of the literature.

However, it is also true that the antibody response is not the only response our immune system has in response to an infection, and these other immune responses (e.g. the production of specific T cells) appear to be quite long lasting. You can see this in the fact that despite the estimated 750 million worldwide so far living with the virus after 10 months, we have only seen a few re-infections. If the virus is similar in immune response to other coronaviruses, recovery from infection will provide lasting protection against reinfection, either complete immunity or protection that makes severe reinfection less likely.

The immune response to vaccines is generally less strong than the natural immune response, but there are exceptions to this rule. Even after a vaccine is approved for use, we will have to wait a long time (probably at least ten months and more) to see how long it will last and the immunity provided by the COVID-19 vaccines will be completed. Targeted protection is the right way to contain the epidemic while we wait for the vaccine and beyond.

Standard public health practice

Is notTargeted protection too dangerousan experiment;

Nee.Targeted protectionbased on the risk-based strategies described in the variouspandemic preparedness plansthat various countries have developed over the past decades. Surprisingly, all countries except Sweden threw their pandemic plans out the window when this pandemic started.

How were past pandemics handled?

Indeed, the targeted protection strategy suggested by the Great Barrington Declaration is the typical way societies have dealt with epidemics in the past. It makes sense to let people who are at low risk of viral infection (but will suffer from lockdowns) live their lives as normal, while taking precautions when dealing with more vulnerable people makes sense – they are harmed by lockdowns and lifting of limitations helps them. At the same time, better targeted protection of the vulnerable is a moral imperative. Over time, population immunity will build among the non-vulnerable until vulnerable individuals are no longer at high risk for COVID-19 when participating in normal activities.

Was contact tracing, testing and isolation successful against infectious diseases?

Yes. Contact tracing is critical for many infectious diseases. They don't work for widespread illnesses like the annual flu, pre-vaccine measles, COVID-19 or, by definition, a pandemic.

It is not better to aNulCOVIDstrategy likeNew Zealand and South Korea?

In New Zealand and South Korea, which went into lockdown shortly after the arrival of the virus, a zero-covid-19 strategy is possible in the short term through a combination of lockdown and national quarantine. As the world is connected, countries that have successfully met a goal of zero COVID-19 will have to disconnect from physical exposure indefinitely – through international travel restrictions and mandatory quarantine. An important decision for them is whether to wait for a vaccine, which will arrive anywhere from 2 months to never, or whether to open the country when the infection returns. Because they have few domestic cases, they depend on other countries to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of the vaccines they need.

(Video) Dissenting scientists issue Covid-19 herd immunity declaration

Most countries have never had this option, as the virus is already too widespread to effect a temporary national eradication. Pursuing a zero-COVID policy through lockdowns is then futile, leading to collateral damage with devastating health consequences for millions around the world.


What does the Great Barrington Declaration propose? ›

The Great Barrington Declaration. The Great Barrington Declaration – As infectious disease epidemiologists and public health scientists we have grave concerns about the damaging physical and mental health impacts of the prevailing COVID-19 policies, and recommend an approach we call Focused Protection.

What is focused protection in the Great Barrington Declaration? ›

The central tenet of the declaration is Focused Protection, where older people and other high-risk groups are better protected than they have been, to ensure that they are not exposed to the virus. Neither does it encourage intentionally exposing anyone to the virus.

Who supports the Great Barrington Declaration? ›

The declaration was supported by the American Institute for Economic Research, a libertarian, free-market think tank headquartered in western Massachusetts, known for its attacks on climate change.

What is the meaning of focused protection? ›

[31] Focused protection is the middle ground that will end the pandemic with the least harm to the vulnerable and non-vulnerable alike.

What is the John Snow Memorandum? ›


In 1854, he famously persuaded authorities to remove the handle of a water pump to try to curtail transmission of cholera during an outbreak in London.

Where was Great Barrington Declaration signed? ›

The Declaration was written and signed at the American Institute for Economic Research, located in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.

Who runs the American Institute for Economic Research? ›

Charles Murray - CEO - American Institute for Economic Research | LinkedIn.

What is the opposite of focused? ›

Antonyms: unfocused, unfocussed. (of an image) not being in or brought into focus. adjective.

What does focused vision mean? ›

When we talk about living aligned with your purpose, what we're really talking about is giving focused vision meaning. When you're true to your strengths, skills and aspirations, you're focused on where you want to go and you begin to pursue meaningful goals to get there.

What do you call a focus person? ›

A punctilious person pays attention to details.

What did John Snow do in the ghost map? ›

Synopsis. The work covers the 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak. The two central figures are physician John Snow, who created a map of the cholera cases, and the Reverend Henry Whitehead, whose extensive knowledge of the local community helped determine the initial cause of the outbreak.

What is the history of Barrington MA? ›

The village was first settled by colonists in 1726 and from 1742 to 1761 was the north parish of Sheffield. In 1761, it was officially incorporated as Great Barrington, named after the village of Great Barrington in Gloucestershire, England.

Who funds American Institutes for Research? ›

American Institutes for Research (AIR) is funded by U.S. Department of Education .

What does AIER stand for? ›

American Institute for Economic Research (AIER) | Library of Congress.

Who funds the Institute for New economic Thinking? ›

Janeway) established an advanced institute for economic thinking at the University of Cambridge, The Cambridge-INET Institute was endowed with $3.75 million grant from the Keynes Fund for Applied Economics, Isaac Newton Trust, and the University of Cambridge Faculty of Economics.

What do you call someone who isn't focused? ›

Some common synonyms of distracted are absentminded, absent, abstracted, and preoccupied. While all these words mean "inattentive to what claims or demands consideration," distracted may suggest an inability to concentrate caused by worry, sorrow, or anxiety.

What is a better word for when? ›

at the same time as. at the time. for the time being. in the course of. in the interim.

What is the word for focusing on the wrong thing? ›

Definition of 'misfocus'

2. to focus on the wrong thing or in the wrong area. Collins English Dictionary.

What is it called when your eyes go out of focus and you just keep staring? ›

Nystagmus is a vision condition in which the eyes make repetitive, uncontrolled movements. These movements often result in reduced vision and depth perception and can affect balance and coordination.

What is it called when your eyes don't focus? ›

Convergence insufficiency is an eye condition that affects how your eyes work together when you look at nearby objects.

What causes Oscillopsia? ›

Oscillopsia is caused by nervous system disorders that damage parts of the brain or inner ear that control eye movements and balance. One possible cause is the loss of your vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). This reflex makes your eyes move in coordination with the rotation of your head.

What do you call a person who notices everything? ›

(əbzɜrvənt ) adjective. Someone who is observant pays a lot of attention to things and notices more about them than most people do.

What do you call a person who loses focus easily? ›

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

What do you call a person who notices small things? ›

A person who pays close attention to such minor details is punctilious. Punctiliousness can be valuable, especially for certain kinds of tasks, as long as you don't become so concerned about small points that you fail to pay attention to the large ones.

What does it mean if someone is focused? ›

The focused person has the ability to concentrate their attention and effort on a specific task or goal. They are able to minimize any potential distractions, and maintain a clear understanding of what needs to be accomplished.

What is the meaning of focused work? ›

When someone is focused, their attention is centered on a focal point. In terms of the workplace, an employee is focused when their attention is geared toward completing their main goal or objective.

What does very focused mean? ›

/ˈfoʊkəst/ with your attention directed to what you want to do; with very clear aims focused ambitions a more focused approach She should do well at college this year—she's very focused.

What does it mean to be a man of focus? ›

It means you like yourself as a person. That's the foundation to be a person with commitment and focus. You got that convincing power to make yourself adapt to any kind of change or to accept any kind of challenge in life.

How can focus lead to success? ›

When focusing on a particular task for some time, you lose sight of everything else around you. You become “in the zone,” dealing only with the task at hand. In this state, your mind can think two or three steps ahead, meaning you can see a clear path to the final goal.

What are the benefits of being focused? ›

The 5 Key Benefits Of Full Focus
  • You're most useful to others. You know from your most memorable experiences that opportunities to be uniquely useful to others always focus your attention more than anything else does. ...
  • Your skills expand. ...
  • You're clear and calm. ...
  • You like yourself. ...
  • Your confidence grows.

Why is being focused so important? ›

Focus is so important because it is the gateway to all thinking: perception, memory, learning, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making. Without good focus , all aspects of your ability to think will suffer... Here's a simple reality: "If you can't focus effectively, you can't think effectively."

How do you stay focused and work hard? ›

13 ways to focus better at work
  1. Track your mood.
  2. Assess your mental focus.
  3. Eliminate distractions for better concentration.
  4. Give mediation and mindfulness a try.
  5. Notice your sleep patterns and lift your cognitive function.
  6. Get your body moving to improve your brain function.
  7. Pay attention to what you put in your mouth.

What are focused skills? ›

Focus Skills are—simply put—the building blocks of student learning. Based on extensive research into how learning progresses in reading and mathematics, Focus Skills provide a roadmap for closing learning gaps as you move every student toward greater mastery.

How do you stay focussed? ›

15 Ways to improve your concentration
  1. Eliminate distractions. How do we focus better if we are always bombarded with information? ...
  2. Reduce multitasking. ...
  3. Practice mindfulness and meditation. ...
  4. Get more sleep. ...
  5. Choose to focus on the moment. ...
  6. Take a short break. ...
  7. Connect with nature. ...
  8. Train your brain.

Is being focused a skill? ›

Focus is a thinking skill that helps us pay attention in order to finish what we are doing.

What does focused mean in strength? ›

People with the Strength of Focus® have a clear direction, follow through, and ability to prioritize, take action, and stay on track. Once they have set themselves into action, they are like a train in motion… no sharp turns. Once going, it is very difficult to stop and that stopping can take a long time.

What part of speech is focused? ›

verb. focused also focussed; focusing also focussing. transitive verb.

What is the biblical definition of focus? ›

שקד – This word means focused, concentrated, dedicated efforts towards the accomplishment of a task (e.g. Jer. 1:12).

Can men only focus on one thing at a time? ›

When you want to talk to a man, pick an opportune time, a time that will set you both up for success. Men's brains are single‐focused ‐ in other words, they're best‐suited to only focusing on one thing at a time. Women tend to have multi‐tasking brains.

What does it mean to focus on my life? ›

It's a confidence that is based in experiential knowledge. This inner peace that comes from having direction and knowing where you're going and having a plan for how to get there. Living with diligence and focus, it's not a personality type, it's a skill.


1. Experts argue about herd immunity as a strategy in the fight against coronavirus | COVID-19 Special
(DW News)
2. The John Snow Memorandum vs The Great Barrington Declaration - opinion #AskDrBen
(Benjamin Neuman)
3. Prof. Jay Bhattacharya: I stand by the Great Barrington Declaration
4. Great Barrington Declaration author refuses to back down over herd immunity
5. Uncancelled: Dr Jay Bhattacharya, Great Barrington Declaration author
6. Herd Immunity: Is It a More Compassionate Approach or Will It Lead to Death or Illness for Millions?
(Democracy Now!)


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